United States Supreme Court Justices Protect Our Constitution

February 6, 2013

Misc. Topics

US Supreme CourtWe are reminded of the Supreme Court of the United States when we witness the Chief Justice swearing in the President or when we hear about a candidate the President has nominated to serve on the Supreme Court.

Many of us do not know that the Supreme Court considers up to 7,000 “petitions” or “writs of certiorari” a year and that the Court agrees to hear less than 150 cases on final appeal.

The President of the United States nominates the justices and the Senate approves them, but the Court is the final judge in all cases involving laws of Congress and the highest law of all—the Constitution.  Deciding whether our laws are being followed and whether our laws agree with the U.S. Constitution is called judicial review.

The Court can tell a President that his actions are not allowed by the Constitution.  It can tell Congress that a law it passed violates the Constitution and is no longer a law.  The Court can also tell the government of a state that one of its laws is in violation of the Constitution.

The Supreme Court of the United States is an appellate court.  This means it decides cases that are being appealed after making their way through the lower courts.  One prime example of this occurred in the 1960’s in Tinker vs. Des Moines School District when students wore black armbands to school to protest the Vietnam War and were suspended as a result.

The students and their families took legal action against the school district.  They believed the First Amendment promised the right to free speech and protected their protest.  The case was presented to the U.S. District Court where the decision agreed with the school verdict.  The case eventually went to the Supreme Court where the verdict was overturned.

The Supreme Court Justices have numerous things to fit into their schedule such as: conferences on each case, even if that case does not end up being heard by the Court, oral arguments to attend prepared to ask questions, and assignments to write Court decisions.

In addition, the Supreme Court is also responsible for interpreting federal law and monitoring how those laws are applied in the real world.

If you have questions about a court at any level, please contact the Ohio law firm of Slater & Zurz LLP for a free consultation by calling 1-888-534-4850 or send a message from the website at slaterzurz.com.

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About slaterzurz

Slater & Zurz LLP is an Ohio law firm of highly experienced and respected attorneys. Over the last 40 years, we have developed a reputation for getting positive results for clients. We've been trusted with handling over 20,000 personal injury cases and our clients have received more than $120,000,000.

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